The history of the settlement of the lower Jos Plateau is a fascinating topic. Many people – including Ron people – are involved with archeological and historical research in this area these days. In addition to archeological findings, stories told by the elders may be a valuable source of information. The following text was told by the Daffo Chief (Saf Ɗafo), His Royal Highness Samuel Maɓung Maren, in 1992. I hope it will be useful for you historians out there.
Mayes ti Kunggul
Inii, ɗam mama naf ma we si laken, si nii, Makunggul ndee a yes, ta mun a Fai-a-Di’, a Ɗayi. Maɗayi ta lak han, ta nii, waa’, naaf sani ma male’ mai, i wa a mati kwa. Hu kulis Mahurum a te’e! Nai ta lifit, ta yes. Da Jol, yit yis a Sunggwak. Nai ta mat sis, ta ɗor ti a Faram. Makunggul ta mun ti a Faram, si furai fwaahan ti wur si Maandung. Si furai fut hai si Maandung. Da Jol ta nii: „Wo’! Ahun i kir malamot sani a tei ndee, Maandung ma wan a tekai sen ha?“ Ta pakis ta ti a Sunggwak ka gaat mmis ma Saf ma Nyorong a ra. Ta hon ɗaam ma motashi shak ti a Hurum. Ta ɗoris, ta pakis a fa Tamba. Itii mai, si niyai „A fa tamba a naf ma Jol“. Nai ta munis a tei, ta hon Maandung a tei, ta hon Makunggul lan na a nani. Nai si furai fwaahan ti wur si Makunggul. Si kir ɓarnggal akul, masha mmis akul. Si furai fut hai nzis akul fiyang.
Nai mar mmis ma Da Jol, Borok, ta yes, ta shu fe mmis yuhun, ka Ges, ka Manggai, ka Bura. Manggut ta yes kong, ta lak han, ta nii: „A Maɗafo-o (ɗak a shitai Makunggul ma shu fe mmis, si hyau), Makunggul sani, hwa nyaahan ma male’ mai ndee, i tekan male’ sai, i hwyan ti la a yiri.“ Maɗafo ta niyis: „Mma a nii, ma yo male’ kwa, ha a tekai male’i a hai!“
Ta fa kunggwis mar mmis Manggai, Ukwin – Ukwin ti Magit. Ukwin ndai ti yes, ti kir Nggwak, ti kir Malo. Itii Manggut ta pakis ta ti a fa Tamba a naf ma Joli, ta pakis a Rokol, yit ti ref mmis fulal, ku Ukwin sin si matis ti Jukur (Ukwin tima ti shu ka Nggwak si Malohi).
Ka Malo si Nggwaki si mun ti a Rokol, si nii: „Mawa, a nisin a Jukur, naa winin a mapak a ɓasas ta washash mminin.“ Itii mai, si niyai a Naf-ma-Nggwaki. Si yu, si mbuk ɓasasi la, si ta’ wur nzis ti sin si nisis – sin fe ma Ukwin.
Taa tei, itii Nggwaki, a yes, a tik a kunggo Unggai – Unggai ti Kwate. Shigal a kunggo Uyar – Uyar ti Kwate. Unggai mwan ti kir Maren (Maren ma Nggwaki). Taa tei, Makunggul a tik a mamun ma male’ kwa. Si yu a ver akul, si masai shak ɗaam akul, si munis yo Mapun ndai kong. Makunggul a katis yo Maapun – shak ta andai, yit a cwai puri, yit a cwai gandyar mmis! Hani ti, male’ a luk la taa hai ta Makunggul. Ɗam mama i sun nai.
Inii mai, i mun: Dong ma Abung, Abung ma Aren, Aren ma Nggwak, Nggwak ma Anggai, Anggai ma Anggut, Anggut Aborok, Borok ma Jol, Jol ma Amwan (a Sunggwak), Amwan Awal, Wal ma Anggai, Anggai ma Daas. Inii mai Saf ma Ɗafo.
The coming of the Kungul
The old people told me that the Kungul first settled at Di’ hill, in Dayi village. But the Dayi people rejected them as being taboo to them. They drove them away to Hurum. So they went and came to Hurum. At that time Da Jol (a great-grandson of Mangai a Daas, the ancestor of the Daffo people) was living at Sungwak village. He received them and settled them at Faram. There they lived together with the Mandung and had a good relationship with them, having many customs and beliefs in common. They began to unite with them. Da Jol was afraid that the Mandung may part him with the Kungul people (which he treated as his servants). Therefore he himself departed from Sungwak village, with his staff of office in hand. He left all his ritual things in Hurum. He went down and settled on top of the Tamba hill. That place is today known as “A fa tamba a naf ma Jol” (“the Jol family hill). He settled in the middle between the Mandung and the Makungul. They became acquainted to his rituals. They had a ritual meeting place and their circumcision together. They united very closely.
Meanwhile the son of Da Jol called Borok begot three sons named Ges, Mangai (=Mangut?) and Bura. Mangut, seeing that the Kungul gave birth to very beautiful daughters, called on the people of Daffo to stop calling the Kungul taboo. They said to him that by stopping to treat them as taboo he would take the taboo on himself.
He broke the taboo by getting his son Mangai to marry one of the Kungul girls called Ukwin, Magit’s daughter. Ukwin gave birth to Ngwak and Malo. Meanwhile Mangut decided to move his settlement from the Jol family hill (near Faram) to Rokol (near Hurum), together with his two wives (Ukwin and the mother to his son Jukur).
Malo and Ngwak told their half-brother Jukur: “Brother, we wish to leave you here in Rokol and move closer to our mother’s family.” The place where they settled became known as “Naf ma Ngwak” (“people of Ngwak”). They went and weeded fields for cocoyam farms and built houses close to their brothers’ – the children of Ukwin.
Later on, Ngwak again married a Kungul girl called Ungai Kwate. Shigal married her sister Uyar. Ungai gave birth to Maren. After that, the taboo against the Kungul was abolished. They had their religious festivals together with the Mapun and took over their culture. The Kungul are now similar to the Mapun – the only difference is that they eat horse meat and lizards. That is how the taboo was taken from them. This is what I know about it.
I am Dong, Mabung’s son. Mabung was a son of Maren, Maren was a son of Ngwak. Ngwak was a son of Mangai. Mangai was a son of Mangut. Mangut was a son of Borok. Borok was a son of Jol. Jol was a son of Mamwan. Mamwan was a son of Wal. Wal was a son of Mangai. Mangai was a son of Daas. I am the present chief of Daffo.